Strategic plans for electric mobility for the towns of Girona, Lleida, Tarragona, Sabadell and Terrassa
Evectra, a company which is part of im3, develops a platform to promote sustainable mobility in the city
Live is a public-private platform open to all organisations involved in sustainable mobility, primarily electric and CNG vehicles, with the shared aim of pursuing projects, policies, strategies and new business models and creating a knowledge network.
These strategic mobility plans concentrate on analysing and designing the following basic strategies for each municipality:
Implementation and expansion of charging infrastructure: analysis of existing charging infrastructure in the municipality, as well as the number of vehicles in the city and those entering and leaving. Next, taking into account the situation in the municipality, the demand for electric vehicles is forecast and a future charging infrastructure proposed, in line with the increase in demand for electric vehicles. Charging infrastructure is to be installed in streets and underground car parks as well as hotels and tourist areas.
- Public transport: it is very important to analyse public transport in the city, especially the bus network and the public e-bike service. In addition to work done under the main strategy mentioned above, first a clear idea is required of existing bus and e-bike services. Each bus service is assessed, focusing on passenger demand and the gradients on each route. Once this information has been obtained, and taking into account the city’s electricity grid, suggestions can be made as to which bus routes could be operated by electric vehicles. It is important to study whether it is worth implementing an e-bike service; not all cities need this public service, as they do not have hills. Another key point in this strategy is car sharing. This service is not always successful in all cities and municipalities, as it requires high demand from people prepared to do it. Once the number of vehicles per inhabitant in the city has been established, it will be easy to decide whether this service will be a success.
- Economic incentive; all charging infrastructure requires maintenance, data analysis and therefore further work. This central strategy focuses on the impact of a city’s economic activity as a consequence of the implementation of a charging infrastructure and the presence of electric vehicles used by private owners and for public transport.
- New bye-laws and regulations: people are currently still afraid to buy an electric vehicle because of the higher initial investment required to purchase a vehicle with similar features to a combustion-engined car, and because people do not believe that the charging infrastructure can support all their daily journeys. Therefore, municipalities must encourage people to buy electric vehicles by offering them economic benefits. These advantages may be of different kinds, including free or cheaper parking, lower taxes, free and/or cheaper tolls, etc. Within this central strategy, depending on the town’s requirements and priorities, new bye-laws and regulations may be implemented to ensure a large increase in the use of electric vehicles.
Communication and information campaign: finally, there is a need to inform and raise public awareness of the importance of electric mobility, what its advantages are and also what efforts it involves. To achieve this means designing a communication and information campaign with the primary purpose of encouraging people to drive and use electric vehicles.